Elm Native UI
Enter Elm Native UI — an Elm library that provides functions which compile down to React Native components. If you’ve heard of Elm, you probably know of the amazing error messages and have heard claims of zero runtime errors. Elm’s safety comes from its pure functions and strong static typing, which also makes Elm code easy to reason about.
I stumbled upon Elm Native UI around the same time that we released the React Native version of Purple Train. The GitHub repo clearly said “Not for production use”, but I wanted to put that to the test. I spiked something simple out, and kept pushing the boundaries. The app quickly approached feature parity with the React Native app. In December, we decided that while the library was immature, the environment it created was fantastic, and we decided to make the experimental spike the canonical version of Purple Train. We finished the remaining features, and shipped the first ever Elm Native UI app into production.
React vs Elm
The differences between developing with React and Elm are stark. In React, you have to think thoroughly about each step while developing a feature. If you forget a step, there’s little guidance as to what you missed, and it can take some time to backtrack and think about how the parts are wired together.
In Elm, you can make a simple change, then follow the friendly compiler errors until it works. You don’t have to worry about walking away in the middle of a feature, because when you return the compiler reminds you what’s next. Furthermore, you can quickly and easily make sweeping changes across the entire codebase with confidence that nothing is broken. Programming in Elm is like coding with a helpful robot.
React depends on human developers not to make mistakes. While static analysis
eslint can help, there’s a limit to how useful they can be with a
see runtime errors which often manifest as “Red Screens of Death” in development
Elm, on the other hand, relies on the compiler to catch bugs. I’m happy to say that while working on Purple Train Elm, I didn’t run into a single Red Screen of Death1.
Not Ready for Prime Time
While the experience so far has been great, Elm Native UI is not yet ready for most production apps. It’s still missing critical features like bundled images and a straightforward setup process — the current process requires you to jump through some hoops. thoughtbot is currently working to get it to a point where we can recommend it for more serious use. Until then, if you have questions about getting started you can hop into the #elm-native-ui channel in elmlang Slack.